During the last century, solar energy technology has made remarkable progress. Passive solar energy is currently a common feature in many new construction projects. In some places, the cost of solar hot water systems is comparable to that of conventional ones. These systems will become increasingly commonplace as solar panel prices continue to fall. By 2025, the solar industry hopes to supply 50% of the country’s electricity needs.

For many years, Germany and Japan have been at the forefront of solar energy deployment.

However, the United States is rapidly catching up with the rest of the world.

As an illustration, consider the state of California.

Rolling blackouts and skyrocketing energy prices plagued California in 2000 and 2001.

As a result, the country’s officials have taken steps to diversify its energy supply. It was announced in 2006 that the California Solar Initiative, a $3.2-billion, 11-year plan to create 3,000 megawatts of new solar electricity, the equivalent of installing solar panels on a million homes’ roofs, would be launched.

California’s example is being followed by other US states. There are specific requirements for solar energy in the renewable electricity standards set by Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Colorado and Arizona. There are many more states that give incentives for the solar business in the form of production rebates, tax incentives, loans, and grants. A 30% tax credit (up to $2,000) is available for the purchase and installation of household solar power systems and solar water heaters from the federal government.

There will be hiccups along the way as the solar sector grows. Demand for high-quality silicon in the solar industry has pushed up the price of the PV cell, which is used in solar panels. In addition, some utility companies continue to put up hurdles to grid-connected solar power installations. In the future, solar energy will play an increasingly important role in ending our reliance on fossil fuels, battling global warming, and ensuring a future based on clean and sustainable energy. These issues will be resolved in the near future.